Na świecie istnieje kilka międzynarodowych „psich” organizacji – federacji i związków zrzeszających miłośników psów i hodowców.
Największą i najbardziej znaną jest Międzynarodowa Federacja Kynologiczna – FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) http://www.fci.be/en/ Obejmuje ona organizacje psów aż z 91 krajów.
FCI ma podpisane umowy o wzajemnym uznaniu psów z AKC (American Kennel Club, USA) http://www.akc.org/ oraz The Kennel Club (Wielka Brytania) http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/ . Umowy dają FCI możliwość wywieranie wpływu na „psi świat” niemalże w każdej jego części.
W Polsce działa Związek Kynologiczny w Polsce ZKWP http://www.zkwp.pl/ , który jest zrzeszony w FCI i jej standardy respektuje.
Pomimo wzajemnego uznania standardy ras w wymienionych organizacjach nieco się różnią. Kiedy więc planujemy wziąć udział w takich prestiżowych wystawach dla psów jak Westminster (USA) czy Crufts (Wielka Brytania), musisz znać standardy i pamiętać o różnicach.
Poniżej znajdziesz wzorce z poszczególnych organizacji FCI, AKC oraz The Kennel Club UK wraz z linkami do stron, gdzie znajdują się w oryginale.
THE KENNEL CLUB UK
Last updated November 2015
A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch section of the Kennel Club website here http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/services/public/breed/watch for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring.
Well balanced dog of smart appearance, closely coated with handsome plume carried over the back. Natural white coat curling loosely. Head carriage proud and high.
Gay, happy, lively little dog.
Friendly and outgoing.
Head and Skull
Ratio of muzzle length to skull length 3 : 5. On a head of the correct width and length, lines drawn between the outer corners of the eyes and nose will create a near equilateral triangle. Whole head in balance with body. Muzzle not thick, heavy nor snipey. Cheeks flat, not very strongly muscled. Stop moderate but definite, hollow between eyebrows just visible. Skull slightly rounded, not coarse, with hair accentuating rounded appearance. Nose large, round, black, soft and shiny.
Dark, round with black eye rims, surrounded by dark haloes, consisting of well pigmented skin. Forward-looking, fairly large but not almond-shaped, neither obliquely set nor protruding. Showing no white when looking forward. Alert, full of expression.
Hanging close to head, well covered with flowing hair longer than leathers, set on slightly higher than eye level and rather forward on skull. Carried forward when dog alert, forward edge touching skull. Leather reaching approximately half-way along muzzle.
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable. Lips fine, fairly tight and completely black.
Arched neck fairly long, about one-third the length of body. Carried high and proudly. Round and slim near head, gradually broadening to fit smoothly into shoulders.
Shoulders oblique, not prominent, equal in length to upper arm. Upper arm fits close to body. Legs straight, perpendicular, when seen from front; not too finely boned. Pasterns short and straight viewed from front, very slightly sloping viewed from side.
Forechest well developed, deep brisket. Ribs well sprung, floating ribs not terminating abruptly. Loin broad, well muscled, slightly arched and well tucked up. Pelvis broad, croup slightly rounded. Length from withers to tailset should equal height from withers to ground.
Thighs broad and well rounded. Stifles well bent; hocks well angulated and metatarsals perpendicular.
Tight, rounded and well knuckled up. Pads black. Nails preferably black.
Normally carried raised and curved gracefully over the back but not tightly curled. Never docked. Carried in line with backbone, only hair touching back; tail itself not in contact. Set on level with topline, neither too high nor too low. Corkscrew tail undesirable.
Balanced and effortless with an easy reach and drive maintaining a steady and level topline. Legs moving straight along line of travel, with hind pads showing.
Fine, silky with soft corkscrew curls, neither flat nor corded and measuring 7-10cms (3-4 ins) in length. The dog may be presented trimmed or untrimmed.
White, but cream or apricot markings acceptable up to 18 months. Under white coat, dark pigment desirable. Black, blue or beige markings often found on skin.
Ideal height 23-28 cms (9-11 ins) at withers.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
*Note for prospective puppy buyers
Size – the Kennel Club Breed Standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the Size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the Size measurements stated in the Breed Standard.